μητρικός θηλασμός

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  • 1. 2012Published online February 27, 2012 PediatricsVol. 129 No. 3 March 1, 20125 22-23 2012

2. 75%- 80,6%- 58% 67% 84% 37% < 20 59,7% > 30 79,3%- < 2030% 3. 6 43%- 46%- 27,5% 6 13% 4. 24%24 5. 6. . (confounders) - 7. - % 23 50>3 6 .. 77 >6 4-6 63>6 72>4 77 >6 4-6 40>3 26>3 RSV 74>4 27NICU stay 64 8. - % 27>3 - 42>3 - 312452>2 1 30>3 2 40 ALL 20>6 AML 15>6 36 >1 9. 1 . , , , .2 .3 , , 4 (http://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/recommendations/other_mothers_milk.htm)5 , , . 10. . (1,38 ) 2 , , , , . 11. 90% 6 = 13 . ( AHRQ).(Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) = (13 : 30) = 6 . , , 1, . 6 . 12. 6 , 1 . , , . , . 13. - 1 2 () 5 2 ( ) 11 ( ) 14. . HIV . PCP (), , , . . 0.5 , 60 60ml , 240ml , 2 . . 15. . 450 500 /. , ( ) 1 2 200 300mg -3 , DHA . ( , ) . 16. , . , : , , , . (G6PD). ,, LactMed. 17. / UNICEF to 1991 , 1. ,2. , , ,3. ,4. ,5. . 18. 5 1. ,2. ,3. - (rooming-in)4. 5. 19. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 20. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 21. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 22. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 23. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 24. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 25. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 26. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 27. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 28. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 . 29. / UNICEF1 2 .3 4 5 .6 , 7 - ( ) 24 .8 9 , .10 , . 30. 1 6 . , , - 6 2 : . . (, , , , , ) . 6 . 8 12 24. ( , , , ) (, , , ) D (400 IU) 3 3 5 , 48 72 ( ) ( 7% 5 , ) 31. 1 6 . , , - 6 2 : . . (, , , , , ) . 6 . 8 12 24. ( , , , ) (, , , ) D (400 IU) 3 3 5 , 48 72 32. 1 6 . , , - 6 2 : . . (, , , , , ) . 6 ..3 3 5 , 48 72 ( ) ( 7% 5 , ) 4 5 , , 3 4 33. 1 6 . , , - 6 2 : . . (, , , , , ) . 6 . 8 12 24...3 3 5 , 48 72 ( ) ( 7% 5 , ) 4 , 5 , , 3 4 34. 1 6 . , , - 6 2 : . . (, , , , , ) . 6 . 8 12 24...3 3 5 , 48 72 ( ) ( 7% 5 , ) 4 , 5 , , , 3 4 . 35. - SIDS, , , 3 4 . 36. () 0.5 1.0mg D , 400 U , 6 3 , < 0.3ppm 6 . 6 . . 37. 2010, CDC, , 24 CDC, . , , 24 2 5 6 (, , , , , ) 38. 1 2 3 , 2010 39. , , , 3 5 , 48 72 , , (4), , , , . . . 40. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 41. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 42. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 43. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 44. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 45. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 46. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 47. 1 2 3 4 , 5 / UNICEF6 N 7 48. , , , , (lifestyle - ) ( ) , . 49. , , , , (lifestyle - ) ( ) , . 50. ,American Academy of Pediatricshttp://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/3/e827.full , 51.