Ενότητα 5.2_Εισαγωγή στα Θέματα Ασφάλειας και...

download Ενότητα 5.2_Εισαγωγή στα Θέματα Ασφάλειας και Αντιγράφων Ασφαλείας

of 46

  • date post

    02-Jun-2015
  • Category

    Education

  • view

    5.263
  • download

    2

Embed Size (px)

description

Επιμόρφωση Β' Επιπέδου

Transcript of Ενότητα 5.2_Εισαγωγή στα Θέματα Ασφάλειας και...

  • 1. (,)(backup) MedICTinEducation7 ..

2. (spyware, adware, tracking cookies, dialers) . , . (shareware, freeware, ) , . , . /. (backup). nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 3. ( ) ( ). . . , , . , . 2 : : . , . : . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 4. (1)Trojan horses / Backdoor , , . (.. update/patch ). /. Trojan horses , . , , . . ,, (.exe .com)., , .nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 5. (2)Stealth()viruses /. /. , , . stealth . antivirus. antivirus,, antivirus , antivirus. Parasitic a.k.a. Appending viruses , ( ), . , , , . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 6. (3)Overwritingviruses . () . , antivirus. Retro viruses antivirus. Companion viruses MSDOS. DOS (.. Program1) Program1.exe, Program1.com, . . Program1.exe, Program1.com, Program1 ! nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 7. (4)Logic bombs , .. 14.00 13 . , .. Droppers , . . Worms () worm . , .Internet(email, irc,chat,..).Robert Morris.12 10%, (1989)! nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 8. (5)Boot sector viruses /, . . Direct action viruses ( ) /. Macro viruses . Word, Excel, Office, PowerPoint, Access. . Microsoft, MS Office 97, cd macro. : Melissa & Papa. nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 9. //storageHardware/software &ManagementtimeInternet nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 10. / ./ (.exe, .com, .doc, .bat, .hlp, .htm, .ini, .js, .php, .pif, .reg, .ppt, .sh, .shs, .sys, .vbs, .wbt, .xls ..) email./ email , ( .html) email./ .htm .html. internet. nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 11. (1) , : . . . . , . . . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 12. (2) : . , . , .jpg.exe. . . , . , . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 13. (3) , Windows . Windows , . . (Outof memory) RAM. Windows. , , . , . , (Scandisk), . . Windows. nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 14. . .exe.comMSDOS.pifMSDOS.bat.scr nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 15. . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 16. Spyware (1) spyware , , /. . , . (browser) . (popups ads). . , , , . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 17. Spyware (2) /, , . , hardware. (virus, worms), spyware , . / spyware, . (real time) / , spyware. antivirus, spyware, . / . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 18. Adware adware . , , adware. adware spyware, / . cookies (web cookies HTTP cookies tracking cookies) , . . .nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 19. Dialers dialers dialup () / , , (.. 090), . dialers, /, / PSTN ( ) ISDN . dialers antivirus antispyware antidialers (dialerSpy). , dialup /. , . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 20. Spam email . spam mail , sites email ( newsletters, chain mails, ). spam email, , . (Remove) spammer , . , (mailing list). spammers , . ( Outlook Microsoft) (block address). nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 21. Phishing Phishing . , (.. , ), spam email. Phishing Mail :quot;Verify your account.quot; passwords, login names, email.quot;If you don't respond within 48 hours, your account will be closed.quot; .quot;Click the link below to gain access to your account.quot; HTML . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 22. Phishing Phishing logos site . PhishingMail .: URLmicrosoft : www.micosoft.com www.mircosoft.com www.verifymicrosoft.com nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 23. PhishingFilterIE7 Internet Explorer 7, Phishing Filter. Phishing Filter. Internet Explorer 7 , . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 24. (1) email. email. email email . AntiPhishing Working Group. email . browser bookmarks. security certificate Web site. Internet Explorer, status bar, . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 25. (2) popup windows. phishing popup window site . . email software spam antiphishing Microsoft Office Outlook 2007, Microsoft Office Outlook 2003, Windows Live Hotmail, Windows Live Mail . cd. / . (update) . Internet. realtimescan antivirus monitor / . . , . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 26. (3) java activex . / . photo.jpg.vbs. , , . , . 2 antivirus, . Firewall. antispyware. update / ( Windows), . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 27. . , / . FSecure http://www.fsecure.com/downloadpurchase/tools.shtml BitDefenderhttp://www.bitdefender.com/site/Download/browseFreeRemovalTool Kasperskyhttp://www.kaspersky.com/removaltools McAfee http://vil.nai.com/vil/averttools.asp Symantec http://securityresponse.symantec.com/avcenter/tools.list.html eTrust http://www3.ca.com/securityadvisor/newsinfo/collateral.aspx?CID=40387 Avasthttp://www.avast.com/eng/avast_cleaner.html Pandahttp://enterprises.pandasoftware.com/download/utilities nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 28. / , . , / . AVG Free Editionhttp://free.grisoft.com Avast Home Editionhttp://www.avast.com BitDefender Free Editionhttp://www.bitdefender.com/PRODUCT14enBitDefender FreeEditionv7.html ClamWin Free Antivirushttp://www.clamwin.net ASquared Freehttp://www.emsisoft.com/en/software/free Antivir Personal Editionhttp://www.freeav.com ArcaMicroScan http://www.arcabit.com nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 29. , antispyware, / Windows. /. Spybot http://www.safernetworking.org SpywareGuard http://www.javacoolsoftware.com/spywareguard.html SpywareBlaster http://www.javacoolsoftware.com/spywareblaster.html AdAware Personal edition http://www.lavasoftusa.com/software/adaware XCleanerhttp://www.xblock.com AVG AntiSpyware http://www.ewido.net/en BOCleanhttp://www.comodo.com/boclean/CBO_download.html System Safety Monitorhttp://syssafety.com/default.html Spyware Terminator http://www.spywareterminator.com ThreatFire http://www.threatfire.com nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 30. (Firewall) Microsoft Windows ( ), firewall, / hackers internet Windows. firewall , / . Kerio Personal Firewall http://www.sunbeltsoftware.com Outpost Freehttp://www.agnitum.com Comodohttp://www.personalfirewall.comodo.com nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 31. ; Internet ,, , . ( worm) Internet. . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 32. (Firewall) firewall . firewall (Norton & McAfee Internet Security), firewalls (ZoneAlarm) (Linux). Internet firewall (traffic), , ( ) packets . firewall, , firewall, , , . firewall hackers.nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 33. Windows nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 34. MS Office MicrosoftOffice . Officemacros , . Office macros. : macros Office. macros . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 35. MSOfficeMSOffice nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 36. MicrosoftOutlook OutlookExpressMicrosoftOutlook OutlookExpress ToOutlook , . Outlook. nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducation http://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 37. Windows Windows . nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 38. Securityupdate Windowsupdate nikbalki@sch.gr MedICT inEducationhttp://users.sch.gr/nikbalki 39. (backup) ; . . ; , .