Ευσταθεια...

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Ευσταθεια Κοπωσεις 2010 Copy

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  • 2010ISBN: 978-960-337-091-8

    Copyright 2010 , , ( 3 . 2121/1993).

  • , ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    , 1956 ,

    . , .

    . 1981 2000 -

    . -.

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    , .

    . 61228/5031, 9 1966, ,

    .

    ,

    : )

    30 (1967 1979). ) ( -

    ) 54 (1979 2001).

    ,

    ,

    , .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    . . 2111. 1/2/99/28-05-1999 ( 1168/14-6-99) -

    , ...

    . 3611.2/05/05/16-12-2005 ( 1942 /30-12-2005

    169 /13-02-2006),

    ....

  • 27 .

    , . , .

    , , .

    , , . , . . , .. (..). , .., . . . ..... . . , . . , .

    E . , - .. (..), .

    . (1955-1959) , . (1957-1970) , . (1955-1983) , . (1955-1984) . . , . (1970-2003) . , . (1958) /, . (1959-1966) /, / . ., . . (1967-1969) , / . ., . (1967-1969) , . (1969-1971) - ., / . ., . (1971-1972) .., / . ., . (1972-1974) .., / . ., . (1974-1977) - .., / . ., . (1977) .., / . ., . (1977-1979) .., / . ., . (1979-1981) . ., / . ., . (1981-1982) .., / . ., . (1982-1984) .., / . ., . . (-2008) . (1984-1986) .., / . ., . (1986-1988) .., / . ., . - (1988-1989) .., / . ., . (1989) .., / . ., . (1989-1992) .., / . ., . (1992-1993) .., / . ., . (1993-1994) .., / . ., . - (1994-1995) .., . (1995-1996) .., / . ., . (1996-1998) .., / . ., . (1998-2000) .., / . ., . (2000-2001) .., / . ., . (2001) .., / . ., . (2001-2003) .., / . ., . (2003-2004) .., / . ., . (2003-2004) .., / . ., . (2004-2005) .., / . ., . (2005-2008) .., / . ., . (2008-2009) .., / . ., . (2009-20011) .., / . ..

  • 2010

    I

    . .. (.) -/ ()

  • - , - , . - .

    , - . - , , , -, , .

    , , , , .

    - , , - , , . .

    - , - , , , - .

  • 1.1 .

    , , , , , .

    .

    - .

    1.2 .

    (. 1.2).

    x, y z (longitudi-nal), (transverse) (vertical). , , , , .. - . .

    :1) x-z (longi-

    tudinal planes). x-z ( ) - (longitudinal plane of symmetry).

    2) z-y (trans-verse planes) .

    3) x-y (hori-zontal planes) (waterplanes) (. 1.2).

    (.. , ) - .

    :

    . 1.2. .

    zy

    xO

    :

    1.

  • 10

    1) , .

    2) -, (. 1.5).

    3) (. 1.5).

    ( -) .

    1.3 .

    1.3 . (hull) (shell) , . , . - (decks), (superstructures), . , , , , , ' . (transverse frames).

    H (keel) . , (flat keel).

    . 1.3. .

    . 1.2. .

  • 11

    1.4 .

    H (molded surface) .

    , . , , .

    , , .

    (molded dimensions) . , , , ...

    1.5 .

    1.5 - ( ) . (. ) . , , .

    1.5 - . . :

    1) (perpendiculars). . , (forward perpendicular, FP). H (after perpendicular, ) . , , .

    2) (designed waterline, DWL). H , , .

    3) (length between perpendiculars, LP). H m ft.

    4) (length on the water line, LWL). To m ft.

    5) (length overall, LOA). m ft.6) (midship). . H

    (midship section). .

    7) (basic line). , , . H (base line).

    8) (sheer). . m ft.

    1.5, , a :

    1) (mounlded draft).

  • 12

    LB

    P

    L

    WL

    L

    LB

    P/2

    L

    OS/

    2L

    BP

    /2

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    S/2

    (P

    )

    (FP

    )

    (DW

    L)

    (Fla

    re)

    (Tum

    bleh

    ome)

    (DW

    L)

    .

    1.5

    .

    .

  • 13

    2) . - .

    3) (depth or height). H , .

    4) (camber). . - , ( ). 1/50 .

    5) (beam or breadth). . m ft .

    1.5 (rise of floor), - (tumblehome ) (flare). .

    1.5 . . , (forward draft), (after draft), . (mean draft), , , .

    H (trim). , (trim by stern). o (trim by bow).

    (.. -, ).

    1.6 .

    .

    1) (light ship). , , , , , , . () (LT).

    2) (light waterline, LWL). H .3) (auxiliary spaces).

    .4) (wetted surface). H

    ( ). m2 ft2 .

    5) (loadline). , .

    6) (tanks). (, - ) .

    7) (cargo tanks). (-, ..).

    8) (ballast tanks). . ( ) .

    9) (dimensions). ()

  • 14

    . H .

    10) (displacement). ( ) . .

    11) (light ship displacement). . 12) (full load displacement). -

    .13) (living quarters). -

    . .14) (free board portion). .15) (generator room). ,

    . , .

    16) (waterlinezone). .

    17) (admeasurement). (. . 37).

    18) (center of gravity). - , .

    19) (center of volume center of buoancy). . , .

    20) (draft scales). ( ), . - .

    21) (holds). ().22) (boiler room). , .23) (engine room). ,

    .24) (volume of displacement). O .25) (parallel middle body). ,

    .26) (bulwark). ,

    .27) .

    .28) (sternpost). .29) (stem post). .30) (form coefficients). -

    , .

    31) (coordinates of center of gravity). , .

    32) (coordinates of center of buoancy). , - .

    33) (superstructure). , .

    34) (deck erection).

  • 15

    .35) (underwaterbody). -

    .36) (bulkheads). ()

    . .37) (tonnage).

    , . (1 2,83 m3) .

    1.7 .

    (lines plan) .

    , , . :

    1) (sheer plan) .2) (half breadth plan) .3) (body plan) . ,

    , , (. 1.7). .

    . 1.7. .

  • 16

    A

    A

    01

    1/2

    23

    45

    67

    89

    1091

    /2

    01/

    21

    23

    45

    67

    89

    10

    F P

    A P

    IVII

    III

    I

    ()

    ()

    V IV III II I

    V IV

    IVI

    II

    III II I

    (

    )

    6,5

    4,5

    89

    01/

    21 2 3

    9 1

    2

    7

    IVII

    III I

    .

    1.7

    .

    .

    (s

    tati

    ons)

    .

    ,

    -

    ,

    .

  • 2.1 .

    , . 2.1() , . , . .

    2.1() , ' -. , - .

    O -, :

    = () () (1)

    , - .

    H 2.1()

    . 2.1. .

    ()

    ()

    ()

    2.

  • 18

    . ms s , m :

    = s

    s

    m m

    (2)

    (kg) , (International Bureau of Weights and Measures) .

    , (1) - ' .

    .

    H (1) :

    = () ( ) (3)

    , . 9,81 m/sec2 32,2 ft/sec2.

    , . - (), o ().

    , 2.1() - .

    (lb), 1/2,2046 kg.

    - , SI. :

    1) SI. SI N (Newton) kp (kilopond). o (tf ) 1000 kp.

    2) . Ibf ( ). o (british long ton) 1016 kp 2240 lbf british tf LT.

    H :

    1 = 1,016

    , british short ton 2000 Ibf.

    2, -.

    2.2 .

    . ( )

  • 19

    , kg/m3 lb/ft3.

    - SI newton/m3 ( N/m3).

    newton SI m/sec2 kg.

    kp/m3 (- ) kg/m3. , lbf/ft3 lb/ft3.

    , , :1) . o ,

    (tf/m3) (MT/m3