„²¹‚ 2010

download „²¹‚ 2010

of 36

  • date post

    03-Nov-2014
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    34
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

description

φαινόμενο

Transcript of „²¹‚ 2010

: ! 1 10 2010 .Nobel : Jannik Meyer, Science vol 324, 15 May 2009 Nobel -,24 ,- -2010,-.- . : -(Physics Partizani) -(-), ! ( Dr Funk). Noesis participates in the Greek campaign of the Ministry of Culture (myriads voices of water) which aims to reveal the importance and the various dimensions of the value of water in peoples lives from antiquity till today. Noesis approaches the subject by presenting ancient Greek scientists, who implementing water, developed Technology.Myriads are the voices that were heard and are heard about water, the most valuable among the goods through centuries. Poets voices wrote lyrics about water, singers voices sang them, writers voices based their stories on water, simple peoples voices enjoyed, enjoy and hopefully will be enjoying this gift of nature for many years to come.Many are the scientists voices, as well, who studied water, its nature and properties and produced knowledge, promote Science and developed Technology to serve human and the human civilization. The ancient Greek technologist Archi-medes (287-212 B.C.) was undoubtedly one of them. The expression Eureka, Eureka remained in the history of Science and the whole world as a typical voice of water, closely related to human inventiveness. The hydraulic clock and the screw of Archimedes are samples of this inventiveness, which implements water as a means to measure time and water crops, contributing to the development of Technology and targeting to facilitate every day life.The hydraulic clock of Archimedes.The separation of measuring time from astronomy was made feasible with the invention of hydraulic clocks in antiquity.The hydraulic clock of Archimedes uses water and measures the exact time, day and night. Water flows out of a vessel in a steady pace, while a floater moves a mechanism which indicates time in a constant speed.The screw of Archimedes.The screw was invented by Archimedes during a trip of his in Egypt where it is used till today.Its a mechanism that drills and carries water from one level to a higher one.There are boards attached on a cylindrical piece of wood, so that they form a propeller. The propeller rotates in a wooden cylinder, whose one edge is in the water and the water is drawn gradually upwards.Noesis participates in the Greek campaign of the Ministry of Culture (myriads voices of water) which aims to reveal the importance and the various dimensions of the value of water in peoples lives from antiquity till today. Noesis approaches the subject by presenting ancient Greek scientists, who implementing water, developed Technology.Myriads are the voices that were heard and are heard about water, the most valuable among the goods through centuries. Poets voices wrote lyrics about water, singers voices sang them, writers voices based their stories on water, simple peoples voices enjoyed, enjoy and hopefully will be enjoying this gift of nature for many years to come.Many are the scientists voices, as well, who studied water, its nature and properties and produced knowledge, promote Science and developed Technology to serve human and the human civilization. The ancient Greek technologist Archi-medes (287-212 B.C.) was undoubtedly one of them. The expression Eureka, Eureka remained in the history of Science and the whole world as a typical voice of water, closely related to human inventiveness. The hydraulic clock and the screw of Archimedes are samples of this inventiveness, which implements water as a means to measure time and water crops, contributing to the development of Technology and targeting to facilitate every day life.The hydraulic clock of Archimedes.The separation of measuring time from astronomy was made feasible with the invention of hydraulic clocks in antiquity.The hydraulic clock of Archimedes uses water and measures the exact time, day and night. Water flows out of a vessel in a steady pace, while a floater moves a mechanism which indicates time in a constant speed.The screw of Archimedes.The screw was invented by Archimedes during a trip of his in Egypt where it is used till today.Its a mechanism that drills and carries water from one level to a higher one.There are boards attached on a cylindrical piece of wood, so that they form a propeller. The propeller rotates in a wooden cylinder, whose one edge is in the water and the water is drawn gradually upwards. Nobel .......................................1 .....................................2CERN LHC....................3 .............................................5 ..............................7 ...........................8 ......................................11 ......................................15 ....................................................16 ...............................................16 ................................................ 17 .....................18 , . . ......19 ........................29 , ........22 .................................24. ; ........................ 28A.C. CLARK, Profi l es of the future (3 ).................30 ! ..............32 10 Nobel,, Manchester, ,,,- , . - CERN LHC, -, , -,!,- . , ! , , , , . , , . , , , . , , , . (287-212 ) . , . , . , , , , . , , . , , , . , , , . (287-212 ) . , . , . , . ,. , . , , . . , . . , , , , . , , . , , , . , , , . (287-212 ) . , . , . , . ,. , . , , . . , . . (. 16, 17, 18, 29, 32 & ) (COVER PAGE)Jannik Meyer, Science vol 324, 15 May 2009 10 2010 ...( . ) (. . ) (. . ) (. . ) (. . ) (. . ) (. . ) (. . ) ( . ) (. . ) ( . ) ( . ) ( . ) ( . ) ( . ) (. . ) ( . ) ( . ) (. . ). (Isik Univsity, Istanbul). ( ) (. . ) (. . ) ( . ) COPY CITY 1000 p . 4 10 2010 1 - -5-,- Nobel 2010,, Andre Geim Konstantin Novoselov, Manchester,- - , .GeimNovoselov-2004, ,-,, ! Science , - . ( )- Nobel : Andre Geim, 1958, Sochi () Konstantin Novoselov, 1974, Tagil (). . -,, , . - , - . -. . .http://nobel pri ze.org/nobel _pri zes/physi cs/laureates/2010/ , .(A. Dato et al., Chem. Commun., 2009, 6095-6097) http://phenomenon.physics.auth.gr2 - , Nobel -- ! - -, . - , .- -, . , , -- .- - . ,-. 2004 - , -, . ---,,, -, . - . , - -. -5000Wm-1K-1 , , - . , -,. , - ,- Boston College (CEA),-600Wm-1 K-1,, ,- 400 Wm-1 K-1 250 Wm-1K-1. - ( --) -.- .-- , . - . -. - - -, . -- . -, - . - - . -, , . - - . . .http://discovermagazine.comhttp://nanotechweb.orghttp://physicsworld.com 4 10 2010 3--- LHC (LargeHadron Collider) - - -CERN , (-, 2009). - 2.36 TeV (1.18 TeV ). 2010LHC - - -. --LHC35 ICHEP(35th InternationalConferenceonHigh EnergyPhysics)(Palais desCongrs,July21-28,2010). (CERN Press Release 26.07.2010), 4- LHC, -ALICE,ATLAS,CMS LHCb, -- 7 TeV (3.5 TeV ). - - - - -, -- . - 3.5TeV:LHCf, -- - --, - -, TOTEM, --- -- LHC, - . LHC-, -- . - ( - ) -. - CERN LHC 1. - ALICE - - - 7 TeV.2. - 7 TeV ATLAS, W - - - .3. Z ( ) - - LHCb. :http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Releases2010/PR15.10E.htm:http://cdsweb.cern.ch/journal/CERNBulletin/2010/27/News%20Articles/1274486?ln=en4. ( nanobarn), LHC , 2010.http://phenomenon.physics.auth.gr4 . - LHC(WorldwideLHC Computing Grid) . LHC 2- , 2011, --,, -. ,LHC . - , Nicolas Sarkozy. . Sarkozy , . : , . : . . , .- 4-5 , LHC, - , - - - . runLHC- CERN , 2012, - - - -LHC- 14 TeV.. CERN . :Research without a budget = Europe without a future: , ., , , CERN. , ! USERS, ASSOCIATES, STUDENTS, FELLOWS, RETIREES, STAFF Research without a budget = Europe without a futureCome to the gathering to defend the research budgets in Europe. For more information: http://association.web.cern.ch/association/en/25_aout.htmlMeeting place: car park des cdres (Geneva, CERN, bldg.500) at 10.30 on Wednesday 25th August Users, associates, students, fellows, retirees, staf we are counting on your presence 4 10 2010 5- . , - . , - . -;--. , - -, ; -. , - . , , - .18 19 -, 18 19, - -. - , , . , , - , - . ? -. ,- . --, , ,- . -, - , - ., -, ., - , ,- - !-, 19, , Clausius, -(-). . . --- . -,- . -,- . - - . - -,