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    . X.

    ' 1917-1923

    2

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    Copyright 1978

    ' 22, - . 5234790

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    ' 1917-1923

    2

    :

    :

    1978

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    . . Carr

    THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION 1917-23, 2

    (A History of Soviet Russia)

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    7

    9 IV: 13

    15. 1516. 47

    (1) 47

    (2) 82

    (3) 137

    (4) 156

    (5) 176

    17. 195(1) 195

    (2) 226

    (3) 257

    (4) 292

    (5) 313

    18. 34119. : 355

    (1) 355

    (2) 375

    (3) 400

    (4) 417

    (5) 432

    20. 451

    ': , 481 ': 495

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    . , , - . , ., , , 3

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    , , .

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    . 1922-23. 12 1923 . , 12 ,

    . , .

    . . , 1952

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    (VSNK): Vysshii Sovet Narodnogo Khozyaistva

    : Vserossiiskii Ispolitelnyi Komitet SoyuzaZheleznodorozhnikov

    : Glavnyi Komitet

    : Glavnyi Komitet Truda

    : Gosudarstvennaya Komissiya poElektrifikatsii Rossii

    : Gosudartsvennaya ObshcheplanovayaKommissiya

    GUM: Gosudarstvennyi Universalnyi Magazin

    : Komitety Bednoty

    : Narodnyi Kommissariat Zemledeliya

    : Narodnyi Kommisariat Putei Soobshcheniya

    : Narodnyi Kommisariat Prodovolstviya

    : Narodnyi Kommisariat Truda

    : Narodnyi Kommisariat Finansov

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    ( ): Novaya Ekonomicheskaya Politika

    A (STO): Sovet Trudai Oborony

    : Sovet Narodnykh Komissarov

    : Sovet Narodnogo Khozyaistva

    : Sovetskoe Khozyaistvo

    VTsIK: Vserossiiskii (Vsesoyuznyi) TsentralnyiIspolitelnyi Komitet ( )

    1 = 71

    1 () = 1

    1 = 10.927

    1 = 16,36

    1 = 9,7

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    (Edward HallettCarr) 1892 Merchant Taylors School Trinity College . 1916

    , 1936 - University College . 1941-46 - Times, 1953-5 Balliol College 1955 Trinity College . , '

    " , : The RomanticExiles (1933), The Twenty Years Crisis, 1919-39(1939), Conditions of Peace (1942), The Soviet

    Impact on the Western World (1946), The NewSociety (1951) What is History? (1961, ; 70- , 1974).

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    IV

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    .(1011)

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    (16) - industriels, . travailleurs, (Doctrine de Saint-Simon: Exposition, Premiere Annie [1830|, . 197).

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